is situated in middle Europe, in part of the Carpathian Basin, and has been
inhabited by Hungarians since 985 AD. Even much earlier than this, several
Székely tribes were living in the mountain regions of the Carpathians.
World War I, at the Trianon Peace Treaties, the eastern section of Hungary,
Transylvania included, was given to Rumania, without consulting the
Hungarian people, who formed the majority of the population, numbering at
least 3-million in the Carpathian Basin.
Thus the more
than one thousand year old Hungarian Kingdom was disrupted, causing
oppression and hardship. The Hungarians in Transylvania were thrown into
minority status, under foreign occupation, and as a result, were forced to
suffer extreme discrimination and injustice.
and the Székelys of Transylvania
possess a very ancient, rich colourful culture and background, which can be
seen in every aspect of their lives. From the traditional house, richly
decorated with carved wooden patterns and panels; the gateways - with
individual carved patterns, sometimes painted (Székely Kapu); the bright
attractive folk costumes - each district with its own style and colours,
according to age old traditions; the unique palaces and churches,
unmistakably "Székely" or '.'Magyar"; the very style and fibre of life
itself; and finally, when life reaches its close, a wooden carved "Totem
pole" headstone memorial (Kopja Fa).
have carried these traditions with them through many centuries, the Székelys
being descended from the Sumerians in ancient Babylon and Mesopotamia. They
migrated from this land towards the East (China and Mongolia), then to the
beautiful Carpathian Region, where many Székely tribes have settled and
lived for over 2,000 years.
the present Rumanian policy of Forced Assimilation is rapidly stripping them
of this magnificent culture. Even their "mother tongue" is under threat, all
tertiary education is in Rumanian, personal names must be "Rumanised" in
order to succeed, and births must be registered in Rumanian. (Sándor becomes
our main objective is to create more public awareness of this rapidly
deteriorating situation, so that people of conscience will be prompted to
take positive action, to prevent the total destruction of these people and
their ancient cultures.
Sándor Kolozsy reports on the catastrophic changes which have taken place in
Transylvania since 1920, particularly during the regime of Ceausescu. Since
the end of his regime, the plan to annihilate the Hungarians and Székelys
has continued, although in a less overt manner.
The Report on
Transylvania,1980 is only a summary of the present situation in Rumania.
Much more could have been said, but the overall pattern will emerge - of
oppression, suffering and destruction.
on Transylvania, 1980.
and May 1980, while in Europe, we were fortunate to spend three weeks in
Transylvania. (Rumania, today).
In these 21
days, we travelled over 6,000 kms by car. It was extremely distressing and
at times heartbreaking, to observe at close hand the sorrowful, worn,
disconsolate and hopeless expressions of the Transylvanian Hungarians.
Compared to a
similar journey seven years earlier, it is indeed distressing to acknowledge
that the Rumanians, by force, and with fire and iron, have destroyed and are
continually destroying the life and culture of the three million Hungarians
In every way
and by all means possible, Rumania is determined to erase over 1,000 years
of Hungarian possession, culture and history. Whenever and wherever
possible, they are actually altering the history, firstly by leaving huge
gaps and secondly, by gradually replacing it with their own version, at the
same time carefully confiscating and destroying any contrary evidence. The
culture is likewise being adapted and altered to blend into the Rumanian
culture and everything is finally classed "Rumanian", regardless of the
large areas of deliberate and unwarranted destruction in both cities and
villages - all in the name of 'progress' and 'modernisation'. In Nagyvárad
(Oradea), whole sections and suburbs have been removed and replaced with
huge, horrible, ugly 'concrete jungle' blocs.
As we moved
deeper into Transylvania, we reached Kolozsvár (ClujjNapoca). We could
hardly believe our eyes - whole streets and city sections have completely
disappeared and are continuing to vanish day by day. Kolozs-Monoster, an old
historical area, does not exist any more. The whole section is a mass of
tall concrete bloc buildings, but only a few hundred Hungarian families have
been housed between many thousands of Rumanians. The old Calvary church,
(traditionally Hungarian) today is Rumanian. All the Hungarian tombstones
from the churchyard have suddenly vanished during the winter. The few that
do remain have been disfigured with hammer and chisel - here and there it is
just possible to detect part of a Hungarian word. These tombstones were from
and earlier. A
slab of black marble, which was fastened to the wall of the church,
containing the names of Hungarian soldiers lost in battle, has disappeared
without trace. When questioned, a few people said - "It was there - we have
seen it at the beginning of winter", but now it has
remains of Hostath in Kolozsvár, is one very short street, not more than
seven or eight Houses, whereas seven years ago, there were still many
hundreds of Hungarian families living in this district. The Hostathy people
are traditionally market gardeners and have always supplied the city with
vegetables, but no longer - they have no more land for gardens; the people
that remain mostly work on a collective farming system.
I n order to
force them out, they have been punished, threatened and harrassed
continually, until in utter defeat (as most of them are already past middle
age) they have signed their properties and land over to the Rumanian
Government. As for example
receive a mere pittance of 35,000 Lei, which is only one third of the true
value of the property - however, the new concrete bloc unit, (the only
alternative) will cost 150,000 Lei and they have no money or income to cover
this enormous gap. They will receive no pension because of their trade as
market gardeners. They have in fact been condemned to perish! Already they
are the living dead, and many of them find release only in self destruction
- either rat poison or the rope. Hardly a week passes without a funeral from
Hostath, Kolozsvár, their depression and oppression is so great, although
constantly to encourage them, saying
"Dear brothers, do not lose your faith and hope" - they just sighed and
Sándor, what can we do, where can we go? In our old age we are cast out into
the street, in our own ancestral homeland!"
visit, we have received the sad news of the deaths of a dear uncle and aunty
(husband and wife) who could no longer stand the pressures, so have taken
their own lives in Kolozsvár.
all the suburbs are receiving this same treatment - the question is only-
From the Cross
to Jánosfalva, they will tear everything down, whole streets and buildings
have already been marked. The people are distressed and crying helplessly
many times I heard the words - "We will never leave here alive." From this
city Kolozsvár, 20,000 to 30,000 Hungarian families will be relocated in
other districts in Rumania.
previously, Kolozsvár was still the largest Hungarian ethnic city; today
less than 30% are Hungarian. In the early part of 1980, more than 30,000
Rumanians were moved into Kolozsvár - with huge numbers of bloc buildings
being pushed ahead at breakneck speed - this mass infiltration and
resettling of people is being carried out simultaneously throughout
Transylvania. This huge restless pack of people are continually on the move,
searching for food, from early morning to late evening, as there was an
extreme shortage of essential fresh foods.
Apart from the
King Mátyás statues, there are now no more sculptures left to remind the
people of their Hungarian heritage and past - the memories will gradually
fade. This re-education is being systematically organised in all
Transylvania, with the gradual removal of famous Hungarian heroes and steady
replacement with the Rumanian counterparts - invented where necessary.
finally discontinued the teaching in the schools of the rich cultural
heritage and background of the Hungarian people. According to the present
textbooks, over 1000 years are a total blank. The fact that Transylvania was
part of Hungary for well over 1000' years is totally ignored and
disregarded. Instead the false Rumanian hero statues and documents are
scattered everywhere. In Kolozsvár, the Rumanian Vitéz Mihály has a much
larger monument than the Hungarian King Mátyás, although Vitéz Mihály
never was in Kolozsvár - he did not manage to reach there because Báthory
beheaded him in Torda, for murdering the father of Báthory, in 16th C.
Kolozsvár towards the south through Abrudbánya to Hunyadvár, we found only a
few Székely Gateways, painted in a blackish colour, whereas seven years
earlier, there were many, many hundreds all the way along the road. Of
course, at that time, the old 1000 year old rough road still existed too. As
the modern concrete road replaced it, the typical Hungarian villages
disappeared, gone forever, as the Rumanian population settles in and takes
control. Gradually, as the days pass, the typical buildings and gateways are
removed, the people are scattered, Hungarian is no longer spoken in public
places, street signs and shop signs are all Rumanian, schools become
Transylvania, the old traditional home of the Kopja Fa, (tombstone) we
searched all the cemeteries in vain, only a handful remain. Not so long ago,
there were many thousands of these beautiful artistic wood carved memorials.
These ancient headstones have been totally removed and destroyed, many have
been used as firewood by the Rumanians, who seem to despise anything
Hungarian and try to annihilate whatever and wherever possible. Only a few
have been preserved for posterity, usually by the parish priests, the church
being the last remaining Bastion or Stronghold for the Hungarian culture.
this journey, many times we just gazed at each other
helplessly, in utter disbelief - with tears in our eyes, as we wondered how
so much destruction could have occurred in such a short seven years. .
experiences in Kolozsvár, we should not have been surprised any longer. In a
matter of hours, whole streets can be demolished and removed, with 100 or
200 trucks. As far as the operation does go, the complete lack of opposition
or resistance by the Hungarian population, perhaps in ignorance or fear,
seems to have escalated the whole process. (By ignorance we mean, the
complete lack of knowledge of the magnitude of the situation, how widespread
and far reaching it really is).
surroundings give the impression of a military invasion, in a large
triangle, Kolozsvár, Temesvár and Brassov. It is not advisable or healthy to
speak or understand Hungarian in those regions - surprisingly enough, even
German is more acceptable and preferable to Hungarian. This is a sad
situation, when one is not permitted to speak his own language in his
In almost all
instances, the Rumanian and German languages are dominating. But why? The
more than three million Hungarians (without counting Székely Fold) are
allowed only one hour each week Hungarian Television, whereas the 400,000
German speaking people have three hours each week. Radio programs are
broadcast one hour daily in Hungarian, whereas the German population have
their own programs every day.
and knowledge in Transylvania today has shown that the Rumanians and German
Saxons, who have settled in the area much later, are dictating and
dominating the original Hungarian inhabitants. The landlord has become less
than a servant in his own home.
"0, you poor
cursed nation, descendants of Atilla, how far you have descended!" As we
journeyed closer to Brassov, in the east, we felt somewhat brighter,
expecting the Great Hungarian Universities, and a large Hungarian
population. We soon saw the large University Tableaux displayed in the shop
windows, as is the custom. Looking through more than 300 photographs in
vain, we did not find one Hungarian name. When I wished to speak to people,
I was quickly and quietly told (in Hungarian) "Hungarian is forbidden".
Realising the situation, we decided not to remain in the area.
towards the North, we suddenly saw a beautiful Székely Kapu Gateway
beside the Highway. "God has brought you to Székely Fold". At this greeting,
the dark shadows began to clear, and we felt a little more cheerful. An old
woman sat in front of the cottage, by the roadside. I asked her, "Do you
speak Hungarian?" Many times this same question has met with hostility,
fear, uncertainty! "Yes, yes, my dear son," she answered, "Where did you all
come from, dears?" "From Australia", I answered.
convinced that it must be Austria, and only when I had finally drawn a map
to show where Australia is - "Such a long distance!" - She could not grasp
the concept at all! .
bent old lady came over to the cemetery. We walked around to see some traces
of the past, then she sent us on our way, into the heart of Székely Föld.
is the last remaining sanctuary for the Hungarian people. This small
triangle, bounded by Brassov, Borszék and Marosvásárhely, in the heart of
Rumania, surrounded by the giant circle of Rumania, and that circle is
continually constricting and closing In, as the days go by. In
this area, we did not find so many German Saxons,
or Rumanians. It was almost like being in old Hungary again, all the people
everywhere spoke Hungarian quite freely, but we wondered, for how much
longer? Because we cannot escape the fact that this is Rumania today, so it
is only a matter of time!
Even here, our
visit was not without drama or incident, because after visiting the old
Székely Museums, we were asked to attend a funeral - a Hungarian family,
father,mother and child, who had been beaten to death by Rumanians in
Brassov City Markets.
neighbouring villages of Székely Föld, we found similar stories told, of
incidents caused by the oppression and the forced assimilation of the
As our journey
continued through Sovata, Korund, Marosvásárhely back towards Kolozsvár, we
passed through dozens of villages, with hundreds upon hundreds of houses,
wooden carved gates, typical Székely style - all doomed and condemned to be
demolished. These unique and unusual country houses and gates are rotting,
decaying and in many instances almost falling down. We were curious - why
don't the people look after these old historical reilics, which are part of
their heritage and background? The answers came back repeatedly, in almost
identical tones - they are forbidden to repair them.
Of course, if
these beautiful, heavily carved wooden items are not repaired, finally
the weather relentlessly destroys, until such a state of decay and disrepair
is reached, tnat it must be condemned and removed, which is just another
way of hastening the destruction of the Hungarian minority, and their
massive plan of Rumanisation, which is even now pushing further ahead, not
only are the Rumanian people promoting the plan. There are many mixed breed
or even Hungarian-born inter-marrieds, who are anxious to integrate the
nations into one, and to wipe out all trace of the Hungarian character and
background. Naturally those who are loyal to this cause are well rewarded
for their efforts, so will find nothing to complain of - they have feathered
their nests well. Even the country's leader and family live in a palace, so
the situation and suffering, caused by this inhuman policy, is of little
concern to them.
had been warned of these "traitors" or "informers", we took
every care, during our journey, to avoid any suspicious characters where
possible. Unfortunately, there are now many who are aiding and assisting the
Rumanian designs, completely disregarding the suffering of their kinfolk. I
can only say "they have their reward".
must admit, it is a well planned and carefully thought out design - by
constant pressure and aggression, to eventually wipe out all trace of the
noble race of the Hungarians in Transylvania - the language, culture,
history, historical buildings, houses, relics, wherever they are preserved,
they are adjusted, assimilated and labelled "Rumanian".
Prior to the
Second World War in 1938, there were 28 typical Hungarian villages in the
beautiful valleys of Transylvania Kalatoszeg - today there are barely five -
the rest have become Rumanian towns.
travelled, quickly realising the mood of my people, I tried to give hope and
courage, to keep their spirits up, to have faith. I tried to assure them
that they are not alone in their struggle to survive and retain their
identity. The Hungarians of the world will do and are doing everything
possible to save them from final and total destruction.
For a brief
second they showed a faint glimmer of hope, a touch of a smile of joy, that
somebody cared. However, the burdens and constant pressures of their daily
lives are so severe, their spirit has been crushed and broken. Even as I
watched, the masks of hopelessness, despair and sorrow once again covered
They are afraid
One fact has
become very clear. A statement made by the leader of the country, Nicolai
ten years there will not be any Transylvania question!"
stand at present, this is quite true. Consider that with 200 heavy army type
trucks, whole streets can be demolished and carted away within hours. At the
same time 20,000 to 30,000 people can be relocated from area to area in a
matter of weeks.
factors are frighteningly clear
* The Hungarian
language is being rapidly abolished from tertiary education.
* All official
or key managerial positions are being filled only by Rumanians.
* The History of
Transylvania has been deleted from the school text books,
and is gradually being re-introduced in a much altered Rumanian version.
children are being taught that they are an inferior race, that the
Rumanians have possessed the land for over 3,000 years (which
is a gross distortion of the true facts).
all these facts, Rumania does not need ten years. In a much shorter time,
left unchecked, they can root out, destroy and rebuild their new society,
based on falsehood, on the ashes and ruins of the Hungarian Transylvanians.
"All that is
necessary for the survival of evil, is that good men do nothing. "
Facts on the
is spending millions of dollars on propaganda to promote the idea of
Rumanians having lived continually in Transylvania for over 3,000 years.
This is a major part of their policy for Rumanisation and forced
assimilation of minorities. If they can succeed in this false doctrine being
widely believed and accepted, it makes their other plans much easier to
popular argument is that the Rumanians are the descendants of the Dacians,
and have lived continually in Transylvania for 3,000 years, but the fact is,
they arrived in the area only from the 12th Century on, in a gradual
race of Dacians were involved in many battle skirmishes with the Romans
around 106 AD. Trajan, Emperor of Rome, hastened to Dacia (Transylvania) to
offer a peace treaty, which the Dacians rejected. A furious battle
commenced, and continued for many months, until the Romans emerged
victorious, captured the King Decibal, cut off his head, and paraded it on
the streets of Rome, in a Victory March.
defeat, nothing more is recorded of the Dacians in Transylvania. Any
survivors left the area entirely.
history of the "Vlachs" (Rumanians) is recorded in the 12th Century, when
they, as mountain shepherds and goat herders from the Balkans, began to
wander into the mountains of Transylvania in search of pasture for their
herds. Thus, even if they are descended from the Dacians, which is highly
improbable and certainly not proven, they have not lived in Transylvania
continually for 3,000 years.
Transylvanian Princes encouraged them as cheap labour and during the
following 700 years, they increased and multiplied. Under Hungarian Rule,
they had complete freedom to exercise their ethnic origin and culture.
At the end of
the 18th Century, the first Rumanian Government was formed, and they became
At the end of
World War I, in the Treaty of Trianon, 1920, Transylvania was given to
Rumania, which has falsely claimed a Rumanian majority for the area, but
Many books and
documents have been written on this subject, as so many people feel that a
grave injustice has been dealt to Transylvania, and to the three and a half
million Hungarians living within the borders.
Written by -
Alex Sándor and Marilyn Rae Kolozsy de Kolozs
Europe! The entire world should listen
and heed the
echo of hell,
come from the
has not been heard
on the radio.
won't sound any more
or just for a
Transylvania's tortured people
The hatred of
the Rumanians against them
overflows Rumania's border
into the States of America
in the shape
of a new review
their own cruelty.
Rumanians are cursing
and spraying hatred
world should harken
and listen to
the voice of Transylvania!
pain of its people is like gushing lava.
Europe to their
Transylvania, the ancient nest
culture is plundered.
Our last hour
Save us, save
us, save us!
time is over.
We are forced
to change our Hungarian names.
He who does
not speak Rumanian cannot work.
are not bilingual any more,
Rumanian language can be used.
ruse everywhere to suppress the Hungarian.
tongue is condemned to silence.
don't bear children anymore
this is our
judge it yourself,
do we not
deserve any pity from anyone?
are not happy nowadays in Transylvania either.
country is also a victim of tyranny.
where every mountain path was free before,
justice and law reigned,
exist any more.
times, they came from the Balkans without trouble.
pastured their herd
more and more territories.
wander from the South to the North, the East to the West,
were forced by drought,
wanted to escape from military service.
tolerated without gainsaying
and what is
like cuckoos into our nest.
became an independent nation a few hundred years ago.
And now she's
throwing dust in the eye of the world,
that they were there before the Hungarians,
and thus have
the right to suppress and liquidate them.
The fact is
her actual existence
Now she makes
trouble for everyone, especially the Székelys.
the Red Chinese
treacherous kisses to everyone like Judas did.
should finally be done.
This part of
Hungary for a thousand years
to Hungary again.
people of the great world!
The edge of
our own sword got nicked
from the many
battles we fought
enemies during our millennial history.
We cannot see
all this with folded arms.
The fate of
any Hungarian painless and helpless.
still a friendly nation,
past, cares for its language,
schools and humanism.
even now is this:
peace, justice can assure another millennium".
Look at the
Hungary is a
border is the Carpathian Mountains.
only good for fighting your enemies.
Hungarians gave you the first Bible in your
your country in its spirit.
But you still
could keep on believing in
And now, you
want to extirpate the Székelys?
Europe. Accomplish your duty!
against this tyranny.
your eyes, you, the Soviet Union,
China and Japan,
count us as human beings.
If the West
cannot fulfill its duty,
It should be
done by the Far-East.
Let the Sun
of Freedom shine upon Transylvania.
We who lived
in Transylvania before,
in peace unending.
people spread out
the Western Hemisphere
truth by themselves.
Only love and
freedom can bring peace.
work brings good results:
egotism creates only tyrannies,
zero-population growth and selfishness.
And little by
nations and great peoples disappear
stage of history.
And who is
responsible for this?
Yes, but not
alone and not only!
consciousness of each man too!
And that of
each ordained priest's, bishop's,
responsible for this?
politician who is not an agent of war,
who is not
putting oil on the fire wherever
us who looks for a better future,
who knows this truth:
deserves a better life!"
is still free
and is not
selfish, and self-centered,
silence and dares open his lips
sense of responsibility calls for it!
let's go forward hand in hand.
citizenship or our membering in a party,
our sex, our
age, and our race:
None of these
can divide us,
if we want
the same thing: "A more human life" for everyone of us.
should have the right
its own culture,
to run its
to serve its
the people of
as well as
the people of Africa.
Why should we
be an exception to this rule
always the stand-point of the Old
or misunderstood in Rumania.
understand each other
since we are
blame us that we were born Hungarians?
had his own plan
graciously created us,
when He made
his blue-print for us like for other nations.
culture goes back
to the Stone
and Bronze ages.
their runic writing from ages
descendants of the Sumerians and
these ancient cultures and languages.
protect this people from genocide,
we save a
great people, a great culture
people of the whole world!
Transylvania become what it was.
Székelys be protected from the
keep their old faith in God.
Let there be
peace in the Carpathian Mountains
Rumanians, the Magyars and the
freedom, and with other nations too